Bitcoin Improvement Proposals : BIP 0043

  BIP: 43
  Title: Purpose Field for Deterministic Wallets
  Author: Marek Palatinus <[email protected]>
          Pavol Rusnak <[email protected]>
  Status: Draft
  Type: Informational
  Created: 2014-04-24

Table of Contents


This BIP introduces a "Purpose Field" for use in deterministic wallets based on algorithm described in BIP-0032 (BIP32 from now on).


Although Hierarchical Deterministic Wallet structure as described by BIP32 is an important step in user experience and security of the cryptocoin wallets, the BIP32 specification offers implementors too many degrees of freedom. Multiple implementations may claim they are BIP32 compatible, but in fact they can produce wallets with different logical structures making them non-interoperable. This situation unfortunately renders "BIP32 compatible" statement rather useless.


We propose the first level of BIP32 tree structure to be used as "purpose". This purpose determines the further structure beneath this node.

m / purpose' / *

Apostrophe indicates that BIP32 hardened derivation is used.

We encourage different schemes to apply for assigning a separate BIP number and use the same number for purpose field, so addresses won't be generated from overlapping BIP32 spaces.

Example: Scheme described in BIP44 should use 44' (or 0x8000002C) as purpose.

Note that m / 0' / * is already taken by BIP32 (default account), which preceded this BIP.

Not all wallets may want to support the full range of features and possibilities described in these BIPs. Instead of choosing arbitrary subset of defined features and calling themselves BIPxx compatible, we suggest that software which needs only a limited structure should describe such structure in another BIP and use different "purpose" value.

Node serialization

Because this scheme can be used to generate nodes for more cryptocurrencies at once, or even something totally unrelated to cryptocurrencies, there's no point in using a special version magic described in section "Serialization format" of BIP32. We suggest to use always 0x0488B21E for public and 0x0488ADE4 for private nodes (leading to prefixes "xpub" and "xprv" respectively).